Names Of Colours

Vermilion, Umber, or Malachite no longer appear among the common words in today´s dictionary. Navy, Mahogany, or Olive may sound more familiar and lead you to the right color. Names of colours evolve with people, especially artists, through the centuries, expressing the characteristics of each colour or shade. Despite being slowly replaced by more precise numerical values, there still is some beauty in these old poetic names that are worth keeping in mind.

Vermilion

 Numeral values: Hex#E34234 / RGBB 227, 66, 52 / CMYK  0, 84, 71, 0


Vermilion red powder / Photo: Shutterstock


Titian Assumption of the Virgin (1516–18) – the vermilion robes / Photo: Wikipedia

Umber

 Numeral values: Hex #635147 / RGBB 99, 81, 71 / CMYK  0, 18, 28, 61

 
Umber powder / Photo: Shutterstock


Caravaggio – umber used in his chiaroscuro/ Photo: Wikipedia

Malachite

 Numeral values: Hex#0bda51 / RGBB 11, 218, 81 / CMYK  95, 0, 63, 15


E
arrings and ring with malachite / Photo: Shutterstock


Ruby, Gold and Malachite by Henry Scott Tuke (1902) / Photo: Wikipedia

Navy blue

 Numeral values: Hex #1974D2 / RGBB 25, 116, 210 / CMYK  88, 45, 0, 18


Admiral Horatio Nelson by Lemuel Francis Abbott – use of Navy blue in the uniform / Photo: Wikipedia

Mahogany

 Numeral values: Hex #C04000 / RGBB 192, 64, 0 / CMYK  0, 67, 100, 25


Mahogany Flower Trinidad / Photo: Shutterstock

Olive Green

 Numeral values: Hex #808000 / RGBB 128, 128, 0 / CMYK 0, 0, 100, 50


Virgin Enthroned by Abbott Handerson Thayer / Photo: Wikimedia

Flamingo

 Numeral values: Hex#fc8eac / RGBB 252, 142, 172 / CMYK  0, 44, 32, 1


Pink Flamingo / Photo: Shutterstock

Cadmium Yellow

 Numeral values: Hex #FFF600 / RGB 255, 232, 0 / CMYK  0, 4, 100, 0


Sea-Roses (Yellow Nirwana) by Claude Monet , after 1916 / Photo: Wikipedia

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